Diabetes or the disease of the age, as some call it one of the most famous diseases in our time and most prevalent, especially in the Arab region. The most common type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes or acquired diabetes – usually this type is non-genetic, and often arises as a result of lifestyle, type of diet followed and other factors.
Diagnosis of diabetes depends on the appearance of symptoms, which are known and easy to observe, if you have these symptoms combined or some of them you should review your doctor or monitor yourself levels of sugar in your blood after and before eating using the measuring devices known.
Treatment of diabetes:
1. Diabetes type 1:
- In this type of diabetes, the body does not produce sufficient amount of insulin. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before reaching the age of 40, often in early puberty or adolescence. About 10% of all cases of diabetes are type 1 diabetes.
- Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their lives and should ensure that blood glucose levels are properly controlled by regular blood tests and a special diet.
2. Diabetes type 2:
- The body does not produce enough insulin to carry out its proper functions, or cells in the body do not react with insulin (insulin resistance). Nearly 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide are type 2.
- Some people may be able to control the symptoms of type 2 diabetes by losing some weight, having a healthy and useful diet, doing a lot of exercise, and controlling blood sugar levels. However, type 2 diabetes is usually a continuous disease that is increasing Gradually, the patient may eventually end up taking insulin and usually in the form of tablets.
- People who are overweight and obese have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than healthy weight gainers. Failure to follow physical activity, eating harmful and erratic foods, and drinking soda each day contributes to the risk of type 2 diabetes.
3. gestational diabetes:
- This type affects women during pregnancy Some women have very high levels of glucose in the blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transfer all glucose to the cells, leading to higher levels of glucose gradually.
- Most pregnant women with diabetes can control the disease through exercise and diet, between 10% to 20% will need to take a type of medication that controls blood glucose levels, as unplanned or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can Increase the risk of complications during childbirth.