The Diabetes Diet or Medical Dietary Therapy (MNT) is a healthy plan for eating naturally rich foods with low amounts of fat and calories, with a focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. In fact, the diabetes diet is considered the best plan for everyone to maintain health.
To control the level of sugar in a diabetic it is necessary to know the types of foods allowed to be taken and not allowed to eat, to avoid the incidence of many complications, which we will inform you in this article.
In the start, patients with abnormal levels of blood sugars should follow the following advices:
- Divide meals into small meals instead of eating a large amount of food in a meal.
- Drink plenty of water, equivalent to eight cups a day.
- Avoid eating fried foods.
- Eat brown bread instead of white bread.
- Weight loss.
- Exercising daily for half an hour.
- Regularly check your blood sugar level and be sure to check your doctor regularly, and Keep the medicine on time
What do diabetics eat?
- foods rich in healthy carbohydrates, such as vegetables, legumes such as beans, fruits, and low-fat dairy products.
- Foods that are high in fiber, because they regulate the level of sugar in the blood, for example: fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, such as peas, lentils.
- Fish, which is recommended to eat twice a week, such as tuna, meat, sardines and salmon, because it contains a low proportion of cholesterol, and saturated fat compared to other, instead of red meat, which contributes to maintaining the health of the heart and reduce blood fat, avoid eating fried fish, or fish with a high mercury content, such as swordfish.
- Foods high in unsaturated fats, such as: almonds, avocados, olives, and peanuts, which helps lower the level of cholesterol in the blood.
- Foods containing starches in medium quantities, such as rice.
Foods should be avoided:
- foods high in saturated fats and proteins, such as: sausage and beef, where it is recommended to eat 7% of calories from saturated fat daily.
- Foods high in trans-fat, such as snacks, boiled fat, and baked products.
- Foods high in cholesterol, such as: liver, egg yolks, shellfish, etc., and is recommended to eat less than 300 mg of cholesterol daily.
- foods rich in sodium, is recommended to consume 2,300 mg of sodium per day.