The presence of sugars in urine occurs due to an increase in blood sugar levels above its limits and normal rates, forcing the kidney to pass quantities of it during the filtration process, to be discharged and get rid of excess through urine. The average normal human blood sugar is 70-100 milligrams per cubic centimeter of blood plasma.
If a person has a rate higher than normal, this is a sufficient indication that the person is suffering from glycosuria, or the kidneys suffer from a defect so that they pass an increased amount of sugars, and the final diagnosis that this person suffers from diabetes through a blood test.
Causes of presence of high sugar in urine:
The main reason for the overall increase in sugar is that beta cells, which are part of the Langerhans cells on the surface of the pancreas, have become totally or partially unable to produce the hormone insulin responsible for the control of sugar rates within the normal range allowed In the blood, resulting in an increase in the proportion of sugar in the blood, and there is no way to get rid of the excess sugars except through the kidneys during the filtration process to be passed through the urine after that.
The symptoms of glycosuria include:
- The patient feeling thirsty and drinking continuously for water and fluids without any benefit. He continues to feel thirsty and his consumption of water and other fluids continues, and it is accompanied by the continuous desire to go to toilet to eliminate the constant need to urinate to get rid of excess fluid in his body.
- Disorders of the nervous system, especially in the extremities; such as numbness in the hands and feet, and may reach the degree of non-feeling of the foot soles.
- Erectile Dysfunction, where male infertility is sometimes characterized.
- Frequent miscarriages in the pregnant mother, or the birth of children with weights greater than 5 kg.
- Chest tightness is a result of stiffness of the heart vessels, which leads to a poor inoculation of the heart muscle and causing sudden strokes.
- Severe itching especially in the genitals, and often affects women; The increase in sugar in the urine works to increase the growth of bacteria in the region, which increases inflammation in areas such as wet skin and genitalia, and weaken the body’s resistance to germs.