Type 2 of Diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes) is the most common type of diabetes. It is caused by insulin resistance, (the hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into cells of the body), or that the body does not produce insulin in sufficient quantities.
Type 2 diabetes is very common in adults, but this does not prevent it from occurring in children. As obesity rates increase, athletic inactivity may also occur in children.
How does insulin work?
Initially insulin is extracted from the Pancreas; a gland located behind the bottom of the stomach and then reach the blood stream to reach the cells of the body where insulin works to reduce the proportion of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
Glucose works to supply the body with the energy needed to carry out the body’s various activities. Glucose comes from two sources of the liver, food and insulin work to regulate glucose in the body.
What is the mechanism of type 2 diabetes?
When the type II diabetes occurs, the previous procedure does not occur correctly. The pancreas does not secrete insulin in sufficient quantities, thus accumulating sugar in the cells of the body and the bloodstream. As the blood sugar increases, the beta cells in the pancreas (responsible for the secretion of insulin) produce more insulin. Over time, beta cells become weak and insulin resistance occurs.
What factors increase the chances of developing type 2 diabetes?
The causes of type 2 diabetes are not clear, but there are factors that increase the chances of infection. Obesity includes the most important causes of type 2 diabetes.
Obesity increases the resistance of insulin, especially if the fat accumulates in the abdomen and waist. Hormone occur as a result of obesity also lead to the resistance of insulin, and the lack of sports activity lead to the occurrence of obesity and thus lead to the occurrence of type II diabetes.
Some may think that type 2 diabetes does not occur because of a genetic factor, but recent research has indicated that the presence of type 2 diabetes in the family increases the likelihood of infection and some of the races are more susceptible to infection (Latino, American Indians, AsianvAnd Africans).