Gestational diabetes is one of the types of diabetes that affects women during pregnancy. It occurs because of a large percentage of glucose in the blood. The amount of glucose in the blood is often controlled through the insulin hormone. But some women during pregnancy may experience high glucose levels in the blood, and their insulin amount is out of control.
Gestational diabetes usually develops after 28 weeks of pregnancy and disappears after the baby is born. However, women who are exposed to gestational diabetes are at risk of becoming infected with diabetes at another stage of their lives.
Gestational diabetes can affect your health and your child’s health. This is due to complications of gestational diabetes. In order to control gestational diabetes, pregnant women should eat healthy foods, exercise, if necessary, and taking medications to control gestational diabetes.
Usually, gestational diabetes returns back after childbirth if the woman does not follow the diet system and her doctor instructions.
Often, there are no evident symptoms for of gestational diabetes, but it is preferable to have blood test after 8-12 weeks of pregnancy. This test is important to determine if you have gestational diabetes or not in order to avoid any complications.
Factors that leads to increasing the risk of gestational diabetes:
Gestational diabetes can develop, but some women are more likely to develop diabetes, as follows:
- If you are over 25 years of age: some women who are older than 25 years are at risk of developing diabetes.
- Family Health History: If you have a family history for diabetics, such as a father, mother, sibling or grandmother (a close family member) with diabetes. The risk of being infected with gestational diabetes increases if you have had gestational diabetes before.
- Overweight: Gestational diabetes develops with an increase in body mass and weight.
- If you have a child who is born with a high birth weight, more than 4 kg.
- If the fetus is born dead without knowing the reason.
- If you are experiencing increased amniotic fluid during pregnancy.
- If you have high blood pressure.
- If the child is born with congenital defect.