What is the effect of Gestational Diabetes on Fetal Health?

Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition that affects pregnant women during the second half of pregnancy because of an increase in blood sugar levels, whether during fasting or after eating. This is temporary, as it disappears after pregnancy, but attention must be paid to the situation, for fear of complications, and studies have shown that some women who have gestational diabetes, are vulnerable to the second type of diabetes during different stages of their lives.

Negative Consequences of Gestational Diabetes:

Many negative outcomes have been associated with the onset of diabetes during pregnancy, and more importantly is the risk of these negative effects continue to rise continuously, it may cause:

  • Elevated blood pressure and hypertension during pregnancy.
  • Birth trauma and maternal death after birth.
  • Respiratory problems for newborns, as well as lack of lime, sugar, and metabolic complications.
  • High blood sugar during the last months of pregnancy, can lead to increased risk of congenital malformation, and abortion.

Effect of Gestational Diabetes on the Fetus:

This damage does not affect the mother only, but extends to the fetus who is growing in her womb, and sometimes remain until after birth, including:

  • The fetus is exposed to high levels of blood glucose, and any imbalance in food and nutrition of the fetus leads to the impact on Growth.
  • High sugar and increased glucose in the blood of the mother transmitted to the fetus, and turn from sugar to fat which surrounds his body and cause obstruction during childbirth, and also hinder his breathing naturally.
  • Gestational diabetes can lead to the death of the fetus within the uterus, or to the large size of fetus which lead to increased need of caesarian section.
  • Increased water content leads to premature birth without full and proper fetal growth.
  • There are other consequences after the birth stage extends to the baby, as obesity or diabetes in childhood, coupled with weakness of motor functions, and high rates of laziness or hyperactivity.

Risk factors which lead to Gestational Diabetes are:

  • First-degree relatives with hereditary diabetes.
  • Obesity and overweight.
  • Age, as diabetes is common among women over the age of 25.
  • Personal history of abnormal glucose tolerance.
  • Hypertension, or pregnancy related hypertension.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.


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